The natural world is jaw-dropping's horrible. Appallingly, nasty, vile.
Take trematodes, for example.
Trematodes are tiny fish that live in the stomach of a bird. (How did that happen? Horribly. Just keep reading.) They lay their eggs in a bird's stomach. One day, the bird takes a crap in a pond, and the eggs are on their way. They hatch and swim around the pond looking for a snail. These trematodes are microscopic, small enough to lay eggs in a snail's eye, as we used to say in Texas.
Well, okay. We never actually said that in Texas. But trematodes actually do it. For some reason they always choose the left eye. When the babies hatch, they eat the snail's left eye and spread throughout its body. (Didn't I say this would be horrible?) But they don't kill the snail. Not right away.
First, the half-blind snail gets a gnawing feeling in the pit of its stomach and thinks its hungry. It starts to eat but for some reason can never get enough food. You see, when the food gets to where the snail's stomach used to be, all that's left down there is trematodes, getting their meals delivered. The snail can't mate, or sleep, or enjoy life in any other snaily way. It has become a hungry robot dedicated to gathering food for its horrible little passengers.
After a while, the trematodes get bored with this and pull the plug on their poor host. They invade the snail's antennae, making them twitch. They turn the snail's left eye bright colors. A bird passing overhead sees the brightly colored, twitching snail and says, "Yum..."
The snail gets eaten, and the trematodes are back in the bird's stomach, ready to parachute into the next pond over.
Welcome to the wonderful world of parasites.
This is where I live.
One more thing, and then I promise no more horrific biology (for a few pages).
When I first read about trematodes, I always wondered why the bird would eat this twitching, oddly colored snail. Eventually wouldn't the birds evolve to avoid any snail with a glowing left eye? This is a nasty, trematode-infected snail, after all. Why would you eat it?
Turns out the trematodes don't do anything unpleasant to their flying host. They're polite guests, living quietly in the bird's gut, not messing with its food or its left eye or anything. The bird hardly knows they're there, just craps them out in the next pond over, like a little parasite bomb.
Its almost like the bird and the trematodes have a deal between them. You give us a free ride in you stomach, and we'll arrange some half blind snails for you to eat.
Isn't cooperation a beautiful thing?
Unless of course, you happen to be the snail...